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Solution Selling - How to Diagnose Customer Pain Points

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desk-doctor-health-48604Imagine you have come down with an illness and you go to your doctor to find some relief. What would you think if your doctor conducted a quick examination and asked you no questions, followed by a dismissive prescription, saying you’ll probably feel better soon? At best, your doctor may have guessed right, and you might get better. At worst, your doctor may be totally wrong, and your illness could develop into something serious, perhaps even life-threatening. Shoddy diagnosis often leads to poor results.

Unfortunately, we see malpractice in the channel sales profession, too. Many channel reps do a poor job diagnosing buyers’ real problems, and as a result, they can prescribe the wrong solutions, or at worst, fail to convince customers that their solutions could be of any benefit at all. It’s hard for buyers to take action without first having a vision of what to do to solve their problem. The channel rep that accurately diagnoses a buyer’s critical business issues or potential missed opportunity — their “pain” — and who then helps the buyer to create a vision of a solution, most often wins the business.

A channel professional who doesn’t diagnose their buyer’s pain, and then help the buyer to visualize how their capabilities are going to help, unwittingly puts themselves in the position of being just another salesperson. This channel rep brings little or no value to the prospective buyer. Like a doctor that just throws pills at his patients without diagnosing them, salespeople that don’t diagnose customer pains are guilty of sales malpractice.

Diagnose Before you Prescribe

If a buyer doesn’t trust your diagnosis, they won’t trust your prescription. So, what does a good buyer diagnosis look like? A diagnostic questioning model that serves as a road map for consultative conversations with buyers can be of help. Here are the components of a good diagnostic model:


3 Diagnostic Question Styles

Channel reps should ask three types of questions when diagnosing customer pain. Each type of question solicits different kinds of information, and all are necessary to develop a thorough understanding to the buyer’s critical business issues of potential missed opportunities:

  • Open Questions – Open-ended questions invite buyers to talk freely, respond from their experience, knowledge, and points of concern, and earn you the right to ask control questions. They are comfortable questions for buyers to answer because they are typically perceived as non-threatening. They do have one disadvantage; they give control of the conversation over to the buyer. That’s not good if the direction they take has nothing to do with your offering. But early in the buying process, it’s important for buyers to feel comfortable, so you are best advised to start with open questions.
  • Control Questions – Control questions are similar to what many people know as closed or closed-ended questions. However, closed questions tend to be answered with a yes or no, whereas control questions tend to elicit more complete responses. Control questions seek specific pieces of information and help guide the buyer in the specific direction you want them to go. Control questions also help to elicit quantitative information about things such as “how much?” or “how often?”
  • Confirming Questions – Confirming questions ensure that both the buyer and the salesperson are in sync. Confirming questions help summarize your understanding of buyer responses, demonstrates an ability to listen, show empathy and exhibit expertise. Confirming questions can also help rectify any misunderstanding that may have occurred during a conversation.

3 Diagnostic Exploration Paths

Using open, control and confirming questions, channel reps should explore three types of information in their diagnosis of a buyer’s pain:

  • Identify reasons for pain – You attempt to explore and understand all of the contributing factors associated with why the buyer is experiencing the admitted pain. Additionally, you want to diagnose how much, from a quantitative perspective, each reason is contributing to the buyer’s pain.
  • Determine impact of the pain – After diagnosing the reasons for pain, you attempt to explore the impact that the buyer’s pain has on other individuals. The intent is to see how pervasive the pain is throughout the organization. This dialogue can serve to verify the full value of solving the problem and addressing the pain.
  • Visualize capabilities needed – After having diagnosed the reasons for pain and others impacted, you must now attempt to help the buyer visualize a solution. In a consultative manner, you should vividly describe an vision of how your capabilities might help the buyer address the reasons for their pain.

You can pull the three types of questions and the three kinds of exploration together into a repeatable model for diagnostic conversations with buyers.

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